Bihu is a popular folk dance associated with the state of Assam in India and it is performed generally during the Bihu festival. There are primarily three Bihu festivals that are popular in Assam namely Rongali Bihu, Kongali Bihu and Bhogali Bihu and the Bihu dance is performed during the Rongali Bihu, as it marks the beginning of the spring season.
The energetic dance steps and quick hand movements define the Bihu dance of Assam. This dance is performed usually by the young males and females to show their joy and merriment on the arrival of spring season. The male performers of Bihu are dressed in dhotis and gamocha (used on the head). Both the dhoti and the gamocha are bright in colours and have beautiful embroidery in different styles and patterns on the two ends. The women are dressed in Chador and Mekhela; Mekhela happens to be attire that is cylindrical in shape and is worn on the lower half of the body. Chador on the other hand is like a drape which is used for covering the upper portion of the body. The women don a blouse beneath the chador and the common fabrics used for making the attire are pat silk, cotton and muga silk. Women team up their outfits with gaudy and heavy jewellery and they also decorate their braids were pretty flowers that perfectly match the colour of the attire worn by them.
There are many instruments that are utilized during a Bihu performance namely a dhol, pepa, Taal, toka, xutuli, gogona and baanhi. Not even one musical instrument can be ruled out of the list as they all play a pivotal role in producing the traditional tunes for the Bihu performance.